Pelvic Organ Prolapse & Pelvic Floor Disorders

The term pelvic floor disorders (PFD) refers to a broad and diverse group of conditions that relate to the anatomy or function of the pelvic organs.  Pelvic floor disorders include pelvic organ prolapse, urinary and anal incontinence, and bladder and bowel storage and evacuation problems, as well as poorly understood pain disorders.

Pelvic floor disorders (PFD) at a glance

  • Pelvic floor disorders (PFD) are a broad range of conditions that affect a woman’s organs, muscles, ligaments, connective tissue, and nerves in the uterus, vagina, bladder and rectum.
  • PFDs include pelvic organ prolapse, urinary or fecal incontinence, and other storage and evacuation problems. Some pelvic pain disorders are also considered PFDs.
  • PFDs are caused by weakened or damaged muscles that support the pelvic organs, and one in three women experience some type of PFD in their lifetime.
  • Symptoms of PFDs vary, but may include pelvic muscle spasms, problems with urination or bowel movements, seeing or feeling tissue in the vagina, and pain or pressure in the rectum or vagina.
  • Treatment of pelvic floor disorders depends on the specific symptoms, but may include lifestyle or behavior changes, medicine, and physical therapy. For certain PFDs, surgery may be the best option.

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Overview of prolapse and pelvic floor disorders

Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is caused by several factors of organs falling, affecting older women who experience discomfort and other symptoms as a result.

Uterine Prolapse

Uterine prolapse occurs when the pelvic structures in a woman weaken, often caused by childbirth. Treatments range from pelvic floor exercises to surgery.

Vaginal Vault Prolapse

There can be many symptoms of vaginal vault prolapse. Surgery is the primary treatment and involves repairing the supporting structures of the upper vagina.

Menopause & Prolapse

Changes in a woman’s pelvic floor function during menopause can lead to pelvic organ prolapse, in which one or more organs drops out of place.

Pelvic Disorders & Sexual Dysfunction

Women with pelvic disorders may experience aspects of sexual dysfunction. Treatments exist for patients with pelvic organ prolapse or urinary incontinence.